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Limiting global temperature rise from climate change requires a reduction in global CO2 emissions, yet achieving emissions reduction at the lowest cost while maintaining a reliable energy supply poses a significant challenge.

Established in 2006 to meet this challenge, COAL21 is the foundation of a significant investment by the Australian black coal industry in the demonstration of low-emissions coal technologies, such as carbon capture and storage (CCS).

COAL21 is supported by a voluntary levy on coal production and includes 26 investors from among Australia’s black coal producers. View the Fund’s list of members .

COAL21 primarily invests in the development of low-emissions technologies for the coal-fired power generation sector and in emissions reduction from coal mines, though other industries that use coal are also considered for investment. COAL21 is also conducting studies to provide an evidence-based case for coal to remain a key part of Australia’s future energy supply while developing the capability to reduce emissions in the future.

To learn more about our activities, please view our 2018 Annual Review.


Since 2006, COAL21 has seen $377 million committed to the development of low-emissions technologies. This has led to:


the identification of prospective geological sites suitable for carbon storage


an understanding of the technical and financial viability of different carbon capture and storage technologies


progress in developing safe methane emissions reduction technologies for coal mines


In 2017, COAL21 made a new commitment of $255 million to fund a further decade of carbon capture and storage development in Australia.


COAL21 has invested in a range of projects aimed at building community confidence in CCS technology for safe, long-term CO2 storage, and in ensuring emissions from coal mines can be safely abated. These projects are listed below.

Fund members

  • Anglo American Metallurgical Coal Pty Ltd
  • Bengalla Mining Company Pty Ltd
  • BHP Billiton Mitsui Coal Pty Ltd
  • Bloomfield Collieries Pty Ltd
  • BM Alliance Coal Operations Pty Ltd
  • Byerwen Coal Pty Ltd
  • Centennial Coal Company Ltd
  • Coronado Curragh Pty Ltd
  • Donaldson Coal Pty Ltd
  • Ensham Resources Pty Ltd
  • Glencore Coal Pty Ltd
  • Gloucester Coal Ltd
  • Hunter Valley Energy Coal Pty Ltd
  • HV Operations Pty Ltd
  • Idemitsu Australia Resources Pty Ltd
  • Illawarra Coal Holdings Pty Ltd
  • Jellinbah Group Pty Ltd
  • New Hope Corporation Ltd
  • Peabody Energy Australia PCI (C&M Management) Pty Ltd
  • Peabody Energy Australia Pty Ltd
  • Premier Coal Ltd
  • Sonoma Mine Management Pty Ltd
  • Warkworth Mining Ltd
  • Whitehaven Coal Mining Ltd
  • Yancoal Australia Ltd